Sugar Cake Recipe for Honeybees

This winter feeding sugar cake recipe is an alternative to making fondant to feed your bees. From what I read in beekeeping magazines and online forums, it seems many people are moving to simple cakes of sugar, an alternative to sugar candy, which is a pain to make. We use these cakes in our winter insulated inner covers.

Links to a video of honeybees eating sugar cake, the insulated inner cover plans, and more beekeeping videos at the end of this post.

I use shallow foil cake pans to make these sugar cakes, you can use whatever you want, or you could just hand form them into patties or rounds.

My point here being you don’t need to use foil pans for molds, you can free form the things, I just like how the foil holds the sugar cakes together, and are easy to transport in my truck.

Sugar Cake Recipe For Honeybees

To make what I call sugar cake is pretty simple:

  • Take a 5 lb bag of white sugar
  • Mix it in a bowl with 7.5 ounces of water and a few drops of an essential oil mix. our honeybee essential oil recipe below
  • Mix the water in well
  • Spread into the foil pans, or drop onto wax paper or paper plates and make round sugar mounds.

Depending on how warm and humid your house is these dry overnight or a few days. Sometimes they crumble and crack, I think this is due to the moisture content of the bag of sugar you are using. Chunks of sugar cake are fine, the bees don’t care, really.

It is key to measure the water precisely, i use scale; it makes a big difference. if you add too much water it doesn’t dry right, i think.

You can also press this cake mixture into the inside of an insulated inner cover, if its deep enough.

Let the cakes dry overnight, and you are ready to place them on the top of the hive. Take care not to crush any bees when you do this. You should use a spacer shim, or an insulated inner cover with a built in space for feeding when adding sugar or fondant to the top of your hive.

Read more of our beekeeping posts here and watch beekeeping videos here. Here is the Honeybee Essential Oil Recipe Thx!


Do you use sugar in your hives in winter? let us know below:

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  1. Phyllis says

    Thanks for the videos :)
    making sugar cakes today and the only oils I have are pepermint and eucalyptus can I use them or should it be spearment?

    Phyllis from WV :)

  2. Vince Busche says

    What is the honeybee essential oils recipe that that you use in the sugar cakes. i want to start to feed soon.


  1. […] Insulated Inner Cover Beekeeping 101 GF video All the hives we have lost have been in the late winter – early spring due to condensation. This year I am determined to eliminate condensation from our hives. Here is a beginning beekeeping how-to video on how we made and use an insulated inner cover for winter on top of our beehives and why you should consider using an insulated inner cover for your beehives. We put sugar cakes inside the inner cover, here is the honeybee sugar cake recipe. […]

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